Meaning

Primary

To Close Something

Alternative

To Shut Something

Word Type

transitive verb, ichidan verb

Explanation

Because the hiragana ends with an sound, you know this word is a verb. The kanji itself means closed so the verb vocab version is to close something or to shut something.

Reading

しめる
  • Kyoko
    (Tokyo accent, female)
  • Kenichi
    (Tokyo accent, male)

Explanation

Since this word consists of a kanji with hiragana attached, you can bet that it will use the kun'yomi reading. You didn't learn that reading with this kanji, so here's a mnemonic to help you:

When you want to close something, use a sheep (). Sheep are famously good closers. Doors, windows, curtains, you name it. Sure, they'll bleat on and on about how they're not your personal closer, they have their own doors to close, and bah bah blah, but they secretly love having the chance to shut something for you.

Context

Context Sentences

旦那がペットボトルのキャップを閉める時、キツく締めすぎるのが嫌です。

I hate when my husband twists the caps back on plastic bottles really tightly.

Kanji Composition