There are sure are a lot of different types of people in the world.
This rose is actually a different type than that one.
Viet has downloaded all kinds of programs to prepare against any unexpected situations.
The kind and type is the kind, type, or sort. Basically, if you know the meaning of either of these kanji you'll know the meaning of this word as well, since they all share nicely.
This is a jukugo word, which usually means on'yomi readings from the kanji. If you know the readings of your kanji you'll know how to read this as well.