To Receive Something
To Accept Something, To Take Something
transitive verb, ichidan verb
This word consists of kanji with hiragana attached. Because the hiragana ends with an う sound, you know this word is a verb. The kanji itself means receive, and this verbs means just about the same thing: to receive something!
This is a transitive verb, so it takes a direct object. But 受ける often implies passive reception, generally of intangible objects like an education, or damage. It can also mean to take something, like taking an exam or a job offer.
There’s a creature in front of you that’s about to receive something, but what is it? It’s an uni (う), and it’s going to receive a warm welcome and an education. Picture the sea urchin receiving these things, and then going on to take an exam to prove how much education it’s received.
to receive a consultation
to receive a shock
to receive a service
I will receive a phone call from my teacher tomorrow.
This time, I decided to take the JLPT exam in winter.
You don't have to take what others say seriously every time.