To Close Something


To Close

Word Type

intransitive verb, transitive verb, ichidan verb


Another verb version of the kanji ! This is a special one that can be either transitive or intransitive, so 閉じる means to close something or to close.

閉じる is for returning things that have expanded open back to their closed state. It's used for books, umbrellas, web browsers, and even eyes and mouths. There are some overlaps with 閉める (you can 閉じる or 閉める a gate, for example) but 閉める is mostly used for things like doors, windows, and curtains.


  • Kyoko
    (Tokyo accent, female)
  • Kenichi
    (Tokyo accent, male)


The reading is different from 閉める or 閉まる. Instead, 閉じる is read とじる.

Why? Because to close something that's expanded or spread open, you always use your toe ()! It's easy enough with books, but umbrellas are a real challenge… But you, you can do it! You have the toe-tal control and can close anything expanded to the way it was before.


Context Sentences


She shut the laptop, stretched her arms, and yawned.

Kanji Composition