That doesn't mean all peasants in the Edo period were poor.
Farmers in this village want to know how to swim the forward crawl.
Wow! That farmer has some amazing abs.
The peoples who work in the farm are the farmers... the peasants.
This is a jukugo word, which usually means on'yomi readings from the kanji. If you know the readings of your kanji you'll know how to read this as well.