Meaning

Primary

To Lack Something

Word Type

transitive verb, godan verb

Explanation

This word consists of kanji with hiragana attached. Because the hiragana ends with an sound, you know this word is a verb.

The kanji itself means lack, and this verb simply means to lack something.

It's a transitive verb. That means that it takes a direct object. You lack something. Like a car, concentration, or a soul. This is different from 欠ける, which happens all by itself.

Reading

かく
  • Kyoko
    (Tokyo accent, female)
  • Kenichi
    (Tokyo accent, male)

Explanation

You learned this reading when you learned 欠ける, but here's a mnemonic just in case:

You never know when you're going to lack something. Like a car (). Did you plan for it to break? NO! But it happened and now you lack a car in a big way. Not cool ()!

Context

Context Sentences

バナナだけの食事はバランスを欠いていると思いますよ。

I think your banana-only diet lacks balance.

生の魚は、買った三日後には、どうしてもフレッシュさを欠きますね。

Raw fish can't help but lack freshness three days after purchase.

インターネットは私たちの生活に欠くことのできないサービスだ。

The internet is an indispensable service in our lives.

Kanji Composition