I wore yukata and put on some geta.
Don't put sneakers on without socks! The sneakers will stink. How many times do I have to tell you this?
Did you know that people started wearing high heels in order to avoid stepping on poop in the streets?
This word consists of kanji with hiragana attached. Because the hiragana ends with an う sound, you know this word is a verb. The kanji itself means boots, but "to boots" doesn't make sense. What actions do you do with boots, though, usually? You put them on. That's why this word is to put on shoes (or boots, I guess). It's also to put on pants, probably because it's all kind of the same motion, no?
Since this word consists of a kanji with hiragana attached, you can bet that it will use the kun'yomi reading. You didn't learn that reading with this kanji, so here's a mnemonic to help you: You decide to put on shoes. That will teach Mrs. Chou and her streets! "HA (は) HA HA!" you laugh out loud like a maniac.