Meaning

Primary

To Begin

Alternatives

Something Begins, To Start, Something Starts

Word Type

intransitive verb, godan verb

Explanation

This word consists of kanji with hiragana attached. Because the hiragana ends with an sound, you know this word is a verb.

This is an intransitive verb. That means it does not take a direct object. Something starts. No direct object here. That's why this verb means to start.

Reading

はじまる
Kyoko
(Tokyo accent, female)
Kenichi
(Tokyo accent, male)

Explanation

Since this word has okurigana (hiragana attached to the kanji) you know that it's probably going to be the kun'yomi reading.

Lucky for you, the kanji readings for transitive and intransitive verbs are almost always the same. Once you learn one, you know them both! This reading is the same as 始める.

Context

Patterns of Use

  • 〜が始まる
  • 〜から始まる
  • 〜に始まる

Common Word Combinations

  • 工事が始まる
    construction begins
    戦争が始まる
    war begins
    生活が始まる
    to begin one's life
  • 四月から始まる
    to begin in April
    今日から始まる
    to start from today
    ここから始まる
    to start from here
  • 新たに始まる
    to begin anew
    2002年に始まる
    to begin in 2002
    四月一日に始まる
    to begin on April 1

Context Sentences

そのえいがは何時から始まりますか。

What time does the movie start?

アメリカと中国のしれつなけいざいせんそうが始まりました。

A fierce economic war between America and China has begun.

銃声が、大食いパイコンテストの始まりの合図となります。

The sound of the rifle means the pie eating contest has started.

Kanji Composition