The city established a shelter and appealed to the citizens to take refuge.
The residents got along with each other right away.
The residents of that apartment are given free air-conditioning, but only in winter for some reason.
The peoples who make their dwelling here are the residents.
This is a jukugo word, which usually means on'yomi readings from the kanji. If you know the readings of your kanji you'll know how to read this as well.