Meaning

Primary

To Live

Alternatives

To Dwell, To Reside

Word Type

intransitive verb, godan verb

Explanation

This word consists of kanji with hiragana attached. Because the hiragana ends with an sound, you know this word is a verb. The kanji itself means dwelling, so the verb version means to dwell. It can also mean to live or to reside. Basically, someone is living somewhere. Where do you live?

Reading

すむ
Kyoko
(Tokyo accent, female)
Kenichi
(Tokyo accent, male)

Explanation

Since this word consists of a kanji with hiragana attached, you can bet that it will use the kun'yomi reading. You didn't learn that reading with this kanji, so here's a mnemonic to help you:

You have a place to live... but not for long. You are being sued () out of your house and home so you will have nowhere to dwell.

Context

Patterns of Use

  • 〜が住む
  • 〜に住む

Common Word Combinations

  • 人が住む
    people reside
    自分が住む
    one resides
    私が住む
    I reside
  • 東京に住む
    to live in Tokyo
    いっしょに住む
    to live together
    マンションに住む
    to live in an apartment building

Context Sentences

わたしは、父と母と一しょに住んでいます。

I live with my father and mother.

青木ヶ原のじゅ海は、住むにはおそろしすぎる場所です。

Aokigahara's Jukai is a terrifying place to live.

ホビットの穴に住んでみたいのですが、どうやって掘ればいいのか分かりません。

I want to live in a hobbit hole, but I don’t know how to dig.

Kanji Composition